BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT MONGOLIA



Mongolia is truly one of the world's last undiscovered travel destinations and the safest country to visit. It is a land where you can experience wide-open spaces, deep blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads. Permanent dwellings are few and far between, fences even fewer and the land is owned by the people, like one large National Park.


As a tremendous destination to experience the outdoors, Mongolia also boasts of unique history dating back to the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Simply put, it is a land of adventure, horses, nomads, and blue sky.


Population:                           over 3 million


Area:                                       1,566,000 sq km (610,740 sq mi)


Land boundaries:                  8,158 km, with Russia 3,485 km and with China 4,673 km


Average altitude:                   1,580 m above sea-level


Terrain:                                   Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest, Gobi Desert in                                                              southeast


People:                                    Khalkha Mongols (86%), Kazaks (6%), about a dozen other Mongolian ethnic groups


Languages:                             Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. English is widely spoken in the Ulaanbaatar.


Religions:                                Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism


Literacy rate:                          97.9%


Climate:                                  Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200-                                                 220 mm.Winter  lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer                                                   from July through September.


Political system:                    Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years. Present President Elbegdorj Tsahia,                                                   elected in 2009. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years. Present                                                           Prime Minister Mr. Batbold.Su   was appointed  in 2009.


Legislature:                           State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years. The last                                                   election was held in  2008.


Judicial system:                    Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court , Supreme Court, Aimag and capital                                                 city courts, soum and district courts.


State structure:

                                                Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into Aimags (21) and a capital                                                             city; Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags; and a capital city into districts;                                                       districts into khoroos.


National currency:           Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 2444 = USD 1 as of March, 2017


Fiscal year:                            January 1 – December 31


Main entry points:             Chinggis Khaan (airport in Ulaanbaatar ), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian                                                                         border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)


Sea access:                             Tianjin/China (1,344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4,037 km)


Popular public holidays:

                                                        December 31- January 1 – New Year

                                                        3 days in January/February – Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar),

                                                        June 1 – Mother and Child day,

                                                        July 11-13 – National Holiday (Naadam)


 Time:                                          GMT +8 


Normal working hours:    09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00


Electric current:                   220 volts/50 HZ


Weight and measures:      Metric System


What should we bring on the tours ?   You should bring hiking boots, waterproof jackets and boots for horse-riding                                                                          and trekking, sun creams, mosquito deeds, powerbanks as electricty won't be                                                                        available as often, and some medicine pills in case. If you are traveling in the cold                                                                    seasons or traveling north and west of Mongolia, you should bring warm clothes.                                                                    In the capital city Ulaanbaatar, you can buy clothes at good price so you do not                                                                      have to carry a lot of clothes before coming here.



When to visit  Mongolia?-  From June-September is the most convenient time to travel in Mongolia- you will see                                                                                               traditional festivals, interesting cuisine, customs and wonderful nature.

                                                      Some people prefer october-december  February-May when there are almost no tourists                                                                   around and the  landscape color changes into snowy white land.


​What is the food like ?:       Mongolians mostly use meat, beef, mutton in their food. However, our service arranges                                                           vegetarian and  other special food for our travelers.


Are the tours flexible or adjustable?  

                                                          Yes. Our tours are very flexible.We can discuss and  organize a trip  you prefer. Please                                                             send an e-mail to info@sunpath-mongolia.com or info@tourinmongolia.com about                                                               the itinerary you want.