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BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT MONGOLIA
Mongolia is truly one of the world's last undiscovered travel destinations and the safest country to visit. It is a land where you can experience wide-open spaces, deep blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads. Permanent dwellings are few and far between, fences even fewer and the land is owned by the people, like one large National Park.
As a tremendous destination to experience the outdoors, Mongolia also boasts of unique history dating back to the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Simply put, it is a land of adventure, horses, nomads, and blue sky.
Population: over 3 million
Area: 1,566,000 sq km (610,740 sq mi)
Land boundaries: 8,158 km, with Russia 3,485 km and with China 4,673 km
Average altitude: 1,580 m above sea-level
Terrain: Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest, Gobi Desert in southeast
People: Khalkha Mongols (86%), Kazaks (6%), about a dozen other Mongolian ethnic groups
Languages: Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. English is widely spoken in the Ulaanbaatar.
Religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism
Literacy rate: 97.9%
Climate: Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200- 220 mm.Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer from July through September.
Political system: Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years. Present President Elbegdorj Tsahia, elected in 2009. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years. Present Prime Minister Mr. Batbold.Su was appointed in 2009.
Legislature: State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years. The last election was held in 2008.
Judicial system: Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court , Supreme Court, Aimag and capital city courts, soum and district courts.
Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into Aimags (21) and a capital city; Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags; and a capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.
National currency: Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 2444 = USD 1 as of March, 2017
Fiscal year: January 1 – December 31
Main entry points: Chinggis Khaan (airport in Ulaanbaatar ), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)
Sea access: Tianjin/China (1,344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4,037 km)
Popular public holidays:
December 31- January 1 – New Year
3 days in January/February – Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar),
June 1 – Mother and Child day,
July 11-13 – National Holiday (Naadam)
Time: GMT +8
Normal working hours: 09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00
Electric current: 220 volts/50 HZ
Weight and measures: Metric System
What should we bring on the tours ? You should bring hiking boots, waterproof jackets and boots for horse-riding and trekking, sun creams, mosquito deeds, powerbanks as electricty won't be available as often, and some medicine pills in case. If you are traveling in the cold seasons or traveling north and west of Mongolia, you should bring warm clothes. In the capital city Ulaanbaatar, you can buy clothes at good price so you do not have to carry a lot of clothes before coming here.
When to visit Mongolia?- From June-September is the most convenient time to travel in Mongolia- you will see traditional festivals, interesting cuisine, customs and wonderful nature.
Some people prefer october-december February-May when there are almost no tourists around and the landscape color changes into snowy white land.
What is the food like ?: Mongolians mostly use meat, beef, mutton in their food. However, our service arranges vegetarian and other special food for our travelers.
Are the tours flexible or adjustable?
Yes. Our tours are very flexible.We can discuss and organize a trip you prefer. Please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com about the itinerary you want.